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The Use of Drugs in Sports


Human Growth Hormone or HGH is a very complex compound. It is legally prescribed by doctors to patients that are growth hormone deficient as well as children with growth disorders. Some of its more common uses are in the sports arena, including bodybuilding and even in the Olympics. With the London 2012 Olympic Games approaching, international anti-doping officials are testing more than ever. To many, the benefits seem to outweigh the risk.

Even back in time, during the Ancient Greek Olympic Games, drug use was evident in sports. Some athletes were known to drink opium juice before competitions and conjure wine potions. If this was not enough to get them ready for the games, some would even consume obscure animal parts and other food in an attempt to connect with the super-natural realm. HGH is just the present day vehicle for athletes that want a competitive advantage.

The use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports, also known as “doping, was officially banned in 1928. This did not stop the use of drugs in sports due to the lack of testing that was done. It was not until 1966, at the European Championships, that the first steroid testing was done. At the time, steroids were the most popular performance-enhancing drugs, but this would soon change.

In 2007, Major League Baseball’s image would change forever. The George Mitchell report was released and over 89 players’ names were cited. This report included context from sources who indicted Roger Clemens, famed pitcher, and many other famed professional athletes. The main performance enhancing drugs were anabolic steroids and HGH.

In London, the 2012 Olympics will see the most advanced drug testing ever. Officials are planning to test over 5,000 urine and blood samples for the games. In the past, HGH could only be detected if used a few days before testing occurred. With new advancements in technology, officials can determine use if even it happened weeks before testing. Drugs have placed a big part in the history of sports for a long time but with the efforts of new laws and policies, they may soon fade away.